22 June 1900 – 31 January 1967 German-American abstract animator, filmmaker, and painter
Fischinger was notable for inventing abstract musical animations many decades before the appearance of computer graphics and music videos, and got inspired by a pioneer in abstract films Walter Ruttmann who he met in Frankfurt.
He was known for creating the Lumigraph in the late 1940’s. The Lumigraph instrument produced imagery by pressing against a rubberized screen so it could protrude into a narrow beam of colored light. As a visual instrument, the size of its screen was limited by the reach of the performer. Two people were required to operate the Lumigraph: one to manipulate the screen to create imagery, and a second to change the colors of the lights on cue. The device itself was silent, but was performed accompanying various music.