So in our first lesson with Ben we presented out power points of which we had previously been put into groups with Leonie to create a powerpoint discussing a topic about sound that she had given us. Our group (Me, Nicky and Kyle) was about Foley art, the process of creating sound in a film using objects. This presentation I feel went well as we did lots of research into this subject which gave us a good idea as to what and why it was used. I also had recorded some sounds on my phone which I played out to the class, and it was interesting to see what they thought the different sounds were and what they could be used for. I shall attach these sounds in a separate post. I enjoyed looking into foley art as I found it quite interesting, seeing who came up with the idea and how the different sorts of sounds are creating, some completely different than to what it is used for!
1951. This clip which I found shows how Mclaren created his sound directly onto film.
I found it really interesting to watch as I found out a lot about his work, of which I didn’t know he actually created his sounds by drawing onto rolls of film.
The way in which a simple arrangement of marks created the sound we hear in his short films astounded me into how he done it and made me want to have a go to see what I could create using an old style film machine to translate the marks into sounds.
‘Youtube- Posted by diemmeti’
1914-1987 Producer and Director
In 1953 Mclaren created his piece Neighbours, about two neighbours who have feud over a flower which falls on the property line. This utilised a stop-motion animation effect called pixilation, by filming people moving a few frames at a time Mclaren gave the action of the film a frantic jittery look. In filming the animation like this he was able to create scenes and actions that he could not do with live action, such as the throwing and kicking of the baby and the over-exaggeration of the fighting scenes where on of the men is seen to fly standing across the screen.
Because Mclaren created all his sounds to accompany his film, he was able to control what sound happened at what exact moment, changing the pitch tone and length of each sound section. The sound he created gave his image tone and texture, each movement Is capsulated with a certain noise creating a mood and helping the viewer have a better sense of what is going on. The build up to actions and slight knocking sounds of when the two neighbours are fighting gives a comical effect as we feel its not actually happening because of the delay and jumps in between shots it again allows for Mclaren to create a surrealist story.
Line, Shape, Form, Tone, Texture, Pattern and Colour.
These formal elements of art are often used together to create a piece of art. How they are organised together determines what the finished piece will look like.
Line is the path left by a moving point, and can be horizontal, diagonal or curved and can also change its length showing many different qualities, such as Contours, feelings or expressions or movement.
This is an area enclosed by a line, whether it be just an outline or shaded in, and can be either geometric or irregular.
The shapes created in the spaces between shapes is called negative space.
From is a three dimensional shape. Sculpture and 3D design are about creating forms and in 2D artwork, tone and perspective can be used to create an illusion of form.
Tone refers to the lightness or darkness of something. Tones are created by the way light falls on a 3D object. Where the light falls strongest on an object is called highlights and the darker areas are shadows.
Shading is used to capture different tones in a drawing. It helps create the illusion of form in a 2D object.
Contrast means the amount of difference between the lightest and darkest tones, combined with a range of mid tones.
Texture is to do with the surface quality of something, the way something feels or looks like it feels. There are two types of texture: actual texture and visual texture.
Actual textures exist so you can feel or touch it. You can create this on an artwork by changing the surface. Combining different material techniques can create interesting textures.
Visual textures are created using marks to represent actual textures. This gives the illusion of a texture or surface but if you touched it, it would be smooth.
This is a design created by repeating lines, shapes, tones or colours. The design used to create a pattern is often referred to as a motif. Motifs can be simple shapes or complex arrangements.
With colours there are primary colours and secondary colours.
Primary colours cant be mixed using any other colours and technically all others can be mixed from these three colours.
The three primary colours are Red, Yellow and Blue.
Two primary colours mixed together make a secondary colour.
Red + Yellow = Orange
Red + Blue = Purple
Blue + Yellow = Green
Tertiary colours are created by mixing a primary colour and then the secondary colour that is next to it on the colour wheel.
“Films are 50 percent visual and 50 percent sound. Sometimes sound even overplays the visual.”
14 August 1910 – 19 August 1995 French composer, writer, broadcaster, engineer, musicologist and acoustician
Schaeffer is most know for his accomplishments in electronic and experimental music, of which he stands the chief developer of the unique and early form of avant-garde music, musique concrète.
Today, Schaeffer is considered one of the most influential experimental, electroacoustic and subsequently electronic musicians, having been the first composer to utilize a number of contemporary recording and sampling techniques that are now used worldwide by nearly all record production companies. His collaborative endeavors are considered milestones in the histories of electronic and experimental music.